JANOS Help System: [Commands] [Topics] [Tech Support] [Printable Manual] [Search]
DIR/LS User Commands NAME dir - File Directory List Utility ALIASES DIR, LS SYNOPSIS dir [OPTIONS] [FILESPEC] DESCRIPTION Lists files stored in the File System. FILESPEC may define a specific file of contain '*' and '?' wildcards. -L, -V Long or Verbose mode lists file details such as permissions, size and last modification date. -A Lists ALL files including Hidden files. Hidden files and folders have names beginning with a period '.' . -F Lists only Files. Folders or Directorys are not listed. -D Lists only Directories or Folders. Files are not listed. -S, -R Recurses sub-directories or sub-folders listing content in each. -W Lists files in columnar format. Not valid with verbose listings are -X Includes the '.' file entry (current folder) when used with a recursive (-S or -R) verbose (-V) listing. FORMAT The long format (option -L) is interpreted by other systems and protocols such as File Transfer Protocol (FTP). It is therefore somewhat cryptic and may look foreign to some. A header is not provided as it might be misinterpreted in processing. The output appears as follows: -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 387 May 27 08:45 jniorsys.log -rw-r--r-- The initial column displays the Permissions for the file or directory. It comprises of 10 characters in the format 'drwxrwxrwx'. 1 The digit '1' is always listed. JANOS does not support multiple hard-links. root Next the file Owner is listed using the account username or 'root' if the file or directory was created by the system. The USERS command lists the current users. root The Group to which the file has been assigned. The GROUPS command lists the currently defined Groups. The 'root' group includes all users and is always available. 387 The file size in bytes. If the listing is a directory (first char in the permissions is a 'd') then this is the count of entries in the folder. May 27 08:45 The date of the last file or directory modification. The format may change to include the year when the entry is sufficiently old. jniorsys.log Finally the file or directory name is listed. SEE ALSO HELP Topics: PERMISSIONS, USERS, GROUPS [/flash/manpages/manpages.hlp:1358]